Salvatore Cardamone

A long-standing dispute between the families of John Vesh and Salvatore Cardamone spilled over into a lengthy gun battle between Cardamone and his companions and Vesh and his companions as they waited for a streetcar in Duquesne on Sunday, October 8, 1916.

Carnegie Steel’s Duquesne Works

During the fight, Cardamone’s friend, Sam Parri was shot and killed by Vesh before Cardamone killed Vesh. All of the men were Italian immigrant steelworkers at Duquesne’s Carnegie Steel plant.

Pittsburgh Press, October 9, 1916

After being arrested, Cardamone claimed Vesh killed Parri and that he acted in self-defense.

Charged with both murders, Cardamone was convicted of first-degree murder for Vesh’s killing on March 9, 1917, after multiple witnesses to the late afternoon gun battle testified. He was acquitted of Parri’s murder.

Cardamone was sentenced to death on February 27, 1918.

His co-conspirators, Bruno Cuda, Frank Cero, and Raffali Perri, were tried for their roles in the incident. Cero and Perri were convicted of second-degree murder and sentenced to seven to ten years in prison. They were released from prison in 1924. Cuda was acquitted.

Cardamone’s case for commutation was heard by the Board of Pardons on June 21, 1918. On the basis of statements from trial judge A.B. Read, an attorney for Vesh’s family, and the Assistant District Attorney who tried the case that Cardomone’s punishment should not exceed that of his co-conspirators, commutation of his sentence to life imprisonment was recommended. He was transferred to Western Penitentiary to serve that sentence.


After two unsuccessful pardon requests, Cardamone was pardoned on July 5, 1929, and released from prison after more than twelve years behind bars. In its recommendation, the Pardon Board stated that Sam Perri had instigated the fight and reiterated that Cardamone was no more responsible for the killings than those who received lesser punishments.

Salvatore Cardamone returned to work in the steel mill. He died in Pittsburgh on April 10, 1965, at age 78.

Author: Bill Lofquist

I am a sociologist and death penalty scholar at the State University of New York at Geneseo. I am also a Pittsburgh native. My present research focuses on the history of the death penalty in Allegheny County (Pittsburgh), Pa. This website is dedicated to collecting, analyzing, and sharing information about all Allegheny County cases in which a death sentence was imposed. Please share any questions or comments, errors or omissions, or other matters of interest related to these cases or to the broader history of the death penalty in Allegheny County.

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