Daniel Werling

In perhaps the most egregious of the many domestic homicides to result in a capital conviction in Allegheny County history, Daniel Werling killed his wife, Barbara, on Saturday, April 7, 1894, shooting her while she worked at the Diamond Market (the present location of Market Square). Werling had just been released from prison for a prior assault on his wife.

Diamond Market

The day he was released, Werling pawned his watch and bought a gun, intent on carrying out his threat to kill his wife. He did so brazenly, approaching her in full view of patrons and peddlers, and shooting her multiple times.

When Werling was apprehended by patrons, he is reported to have said “I had a right to do this. I have cause to do this.” He also said he wanted to kill the market superintendent. Once in custody, he confessed to police.

Records indicate Werling had been imprisoned at least eight times over the previous eight years, always for domestic violence and always for a few months at the Allegheny County Workhouse. The tone of the newspaper coverage indicates his crimes were not taken very seriously.

Pittsburgh Post, June 2, 1890
Pittsburgh Post, May 21, 1891
Pittsburgh Press, December 14, 1891
Pittsburgh Dispatch, October 17, 1892

Barbara (Bock) Werling maintained a stand at the market as a means to support her family during her husband’s frequent periods of incarceration and drunkenness.

At trial, Werling claimed he was insane due to excessive alcohol consumption. After brief jury deliberations, he was convicted of first-degree murder on June 19, 1894, and sentenced to death on June 30.

Pittsburgh Daily Post, June 20, 1894

At the time of his conviction, the Post-Gazette wryly noted: “Evidently the jury in the Werling case reasoned that if a particular type of insanity would lead a man to deliberately plan and execute the murder of his wife; declare he was glad of it repeatedly and wish he had been able to kill another person, the proper treatment for that kind of insanity would be twisted hemp. The community generally will approve the remedy.”

His appeal and pardon request rejected, Daniel Werling was hanged on July 9, 1895. A state that could not be aroused to protect the life of Barbara Werling had acted decisively to kill her killer.

Author: Bill Lofquist

I am a sociologist and death penalty scholar at the State University of New York at Geneseo. I am also a Pittsburgh native. My present research focuses on the history of the death penalty in Allegheny County (Pittsburgh), Pa. This website is dedicated to collecting, analyzing, and sharing information about all Allegheny County cases in which a death sentence was imposed. Please share any questions or comments, errors or omissions, or other matters of interest related to these cases or to the broader history of the death penalty in Allegheny County.

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