Luther Huddle


In the months after the racially-charged murder case of Philip Hill began the so-called Carnival of Blood in Allegheny County’s coalfields, Luther Huddle and Isaiah (aka Tucker) Harris killed Joseph Mondini, an Italian immigrant working as part of a crew excavating a railroad tunnel near Unity.

The killing, just after midnight on October 1, 1897, occurred as part of a robbery. Mondini was just completing his lunch break and was returning to the night shift with a co-worker, who escaped unharmed.


Huddle, a recent migrant from Virginia, and Harris, born in North Carolina, lived in Pittsburgh’s Hill District but had been staying for a few days in the camp of Black coal miners at Unity. While there, they engaged in a series of robberies.

They were arrested in their homes in Pittsburgh later on the day of the killing.


Before and during the closely watched trial, Huddle and Harris each implicated the other for the murder. Huddle was convicted of first-degree murder on October 30, 1897. Isaiah Harris was convicted of second-degree murder and sentenced to 19 1/2 years in Western Penitentiary on December 4, 1897. Huddle was sentenced to death that same day.

Huddle’s death sentence was commuted to 19 1/2 years in prison to match Harris’s on January 20, 1898. The judge who presided at Huddle’s trial wrote to the Pardon Board on behalf of such a change, noting that he believed Harris was “the more intelligent of the two and more to blame in the whole affair.” Under such circumstances, “it would be a reproach to the administration of justice to allow Huddle to be hanged.”


Huddle survived his imprisonment and went on to work as a coal miner in Marianna, Washington County. He died there on March 6, 1920.


Author: Bill Lofquist

I am a sociologist and death penalty scholar at the State University of New York at Geneseo. I am also a Pittsburgh native. My present research focuses on the history of the death penalty in Allegheny County (Pittsburgh), Pa. This website is dedicated to collecting, analyzing, and sharing information about all Allegheny County cases in which a death sentence was imposed. Please share any questions or comments, errors or omissions, or other matters of interest related to these cases or to the broader history of the death penalty in Allegheny County.

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